No Need to Sacrifice Babies for Hollywood Lucre – Church Militant

No Need to Sacrifice Babies for Hollywood Lucre - Church Militant

AMC Could Pull Productions from Georgia — Taking The Walking Dead Franchise With It

A contentious anti-abortion law proposed in Georgia is throwing Hollywood into turmoil as it mulls over how to respond.

Enticing tax incentives in the state following the 2008 financial crisis made Georgia a go-to filming location for massive blockbusters like "Avengers: Endgame," "Black Panther," "Hunger Games" and "Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle." It has also been a hub for popular television programs like "The Walking Dead," "Ozark," "Stranger Things" and "Queer Eye."

Georgia has been the primary shooting location for The Walking Dead since Season 1, but its not just the current ratings juggernaut thats important to the state. Former series lead Andrew Lincoln is set to star in a series of films set in the The Walking Dead universe, and future spinoffs could also be shot in the state. Though overseas locations have been considered to better accommodate the U.K.-based Lincoln, the developments in Georgia only further discourage AMC from returning to the series first home.

However, a number of prominent Hollywood studios have said this week that they will reconsider filming their projects in the state if the "Heartbeat Law" is enacted.

The sheer number of Hollywood companies to express disapproval of the proposed legislation continues to grow, if not their actual commitments. AMC joins Netflix, Disney, WarnerMedia, NBC, CBS, Viacom, and Sony as entertainment companies that have announced hesitancy toward keeping their productions in the state should the bill take effect, though none have begun pulling productions from Georgia or committed to start doing so until the courts have rendered a final ruling.

Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp signed the bill on May 7, but it won't go into effect until January 2020, if it stands up to legal challenges. The law bans abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected, something that can occur before most women even know they are pregnant. A number of groups are challenging it, saying violates the 1973 landmark Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade, which protects a woman's right to an abortion up until when the fetus is viable. Georgia's law could reduce the time when a woman can get abortion to about 6 weeks from between 24 and 25 weeks.

The statement refers to the so-called Heartbeat Bill signed by Georgias Republican governor Brian Kemp on May 7, which bans abortion after a doctor can detect a fetal heartbeat — about six weeks into a pregnancy, before many women know they are actually pregnant. The bill is due to take effect January 1, if it outlasts expected court challenges.

A potential boycott of Georgia wouldn't just hurt the state, which currently reaps around $9.5 billion in economic benefits from film production, it would also hurt Hollywood, inflating budgets and leading some projects to be dropped entirely. 

Per a statement made by an AMC spokesperson, If this highly restrictive legislation goes into effect, we will reevaluate our activity in Georgia. Similar bills — some even more restrictive — have passed in multiple states and have been challenged. This is likely to be a long and complicated fight and we are watching it all very closely.

"A boycott on production in Georgia on a grand scale is possible, one could even say imminent," said Tom Nunan, a lecturer at the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television. "The real question is whether or not that will have any influence on local politics."

Meanwhile, the upcoming third entry in the franchise — an untitled spinoff, announced in April and slated to begin production this summer — was always planned to film in Virginia. Fear the Walking Dead, which is about to start its fifth season, has shot in Canada, Mexica, California, and Texas.

There's no doubt that high profile companies like Disney, Netflix and Amazon leaving Georgia or deciding to produce future films and television programs in other states would be bad news for the state's economy.

The Walking Dead Might Leave Georgia Due to Heartbeat Abortion Bill

Georgia has become known as "Y'allywood" and has infrastructure in place specifically for film and television production. Not to mention, the state has a tremendously skilled workforce of crew members, craftsmen and technicians working on sets.

Georgia offers a tax incentive of 20% to filmmakers to qualified productions, and adds another 10% to the kitty (30%) for productions that include a Georgia Entertainment Promotion Logo in the end credits. The high percentages of the credits make Georgia highly competitive with other states' film incentives and has been reported to generate $6 billion in annual revenue. But some economists doubt the effectiveness of such schemes to generate long-term jobs and sustainable revenue for the state.  

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Already, Georgia-based film industry employees are losing work as some studios ditch projects in the area or seek alternative sites for filming. Amazon's "The Power," which spent months location hunting in Savannah, decided to cease pre-production in the state and look for an alternative filming site.

A whole industry has developed to broker the sale and purchase of these credits. Yes, the transactions are complex but, for some Fortune 500 businesses, says Goodman, extremely lucrative. Sellers are prohibited to sell their credits at full value, so typically settle at 85 cents to 90 cents on the dollar. Goodman explains that, because the transferable credits are sold upfront, filmmakers can use the income from the transaction to help pay for the projects they have yet to produce.

"We had no problem stopping the entire process instantly," director Reed Morano, told Time last week. "There is no way we would ever bring our money to that state by shooting there."

Threats by Hollywood players such as NBCUniversal to boycott the state if the law goes into effect in January 2020 possess far less teeth than previous bullying. As it turns out, the industry stands to lose far more financially than the state passing out money hand over fist in the name of job creation and bragging rights to several high-profile entertainments like Disney's Black Panther and Avengers: Endgame and Netflix's Stranger Things and Ozark.

For the most part, film studios are sticking to their current commitments, and will continue shooting already scheduled shows and films in the area. Although several actors, like Alyssa Milano, who works on the show "Insatiable," have said they will not film in the state if the law is passed.

A similar boycott strategy was deployed successfully against South Carolina when legislators there proposed a “bathroom bill,” which would have prohibited transgendered individuals from using multiple-use restrooms not aligned with their biological sex. Another successful boycott threat was mounted against Indiana to protest its 2015 Religious Freedom Act, which Forbes estimates cost the state $60 million in lost revenue.

Others who have committed to film in the area, like J.J. Abrams and Jordan Peele, have said they will donate all of their episodic fees to Fair Fight Georgia and ACLU of Georgia, organizations that are planning to challenge the law in court.

States, though, have become adept at providing tax breaks larger than businesses' tax burdens — to, in effect, make a company's tax burden a negative number. One way they do that is through “transferable” tax credits. If the value of a company's credits is higher than its tax liability, it can sell the excess credits to another taxpayer who owes the state taxes.

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"They're not punishing the crews. They're not punishing the people who own sound stages in Georgia, who have nothing to do with state politics. They are just working men and women who are trying to pay their bills," Nunan said. "So, I do think some of these artists are taking the right approach, which is use these resources that you are earning so handsomely in Georgia towards fighting Georgia politics."

Nunan said that simply leaving the state won't actually effect change in the area. In fact, if liberal and moderate locals leave to seek out other work, the state could become even redder.

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"The truth is that pulling out essentially just abandons Georgia to … the conservative Republicans in the state," said Molly Coffee, creative director of Film Impact Georgia and a 10-year film industry veteran based in the state. "We would not only be pulling out the economic power that we've had in making change here, but we would also be abandoning all the women who work here."

“With transferable tax credits, Georgia provides incentives worth 20 to 30 percent of a production company's total spending in the state, benefits that can easily reach millions of dollars for a major movie,” according to a 2012 Pew Trusts analysis by Josh Goodman. Elsewhere, he explains:

"If the film industry goes away then [Republicans] get back control of the state, they are no longer in danger of [liberals] flipping the seats," she said.

"We operate and produce work in many states and within several countries at any given time and while that doesn't mean we agree with every position taken by a state or a country and their leaders, we do respect due process. We will watch the situation closely and if the new law holds we will reconsider Georgia as the home to any new productions. As is always the case, we will work closely with our production partners and talent to determine how and where to shoot any given project."

It should be noted that not everyone who works in the film industry is automatically against Georgia's anti-abortion law, Williams pointed out.

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"If this [abortion ban] does become law in the state, then I think companies that are considering coming to Georgia, maybe they've only done pre-production or location scouting, they haven't put their main tent pole in the soil and started building, they're probably already looking at other locations to go to," Russell Williams, professor of film and media arts at American University, said.

The state gets just under $3 billion in direct spending from film and TV production, but another $6.5 billion in additional economic impact. This money goes to hotels, restaurants, gas stations, vehicle rentals and lumber purchases, all things needed for companies to make and produce their projects.

While the majority of folks who work directly in the film industry tend to be freelancers and can travel for the next job, the local population who provide the goods and services purchased from the film workers could suffer.

A number of prominent Hollywood studios have said this week that they will reconsider filming their projects in the state if the "Heartbeat Law" stands up to legal challenges and goes into effect in January 2020. Many feel it violates Roe v. Wade, the 1973 landmark Supreme Court case that protects a woman's right to an abortion up until when the fetus is viable.

"If Disney leaves, if Sony leaves, if Netflix leaves, the state of Georgia will feel that," Williams said.

"As the MPAA has noted, the outcome of the Georgia 'Heartbeat Law,' and similar proposed legislation in other states, will be determined through the legal process. We will continue to monitor that process in close consultation with our filmmakers and television showrunners, talent and other stakeholders as we consider our future production options."

Of course, Nunan points out that just because big studios leave, doesn't mean that smaller companies will be deterred from staying or entering the state.

"Georgia's tax incentives are so appealing and the local professional crews that they offer there are so high level that I suspect many other companies may come in and not suffer any blow back from the Hollywood community because they just aren't high profile," he said.

While several companies said they respect due process and would wait to make official moves until the legal disputes have ended, others have made it clear that filming in Georgia would cease entirely. That could have a big impact on the industry. Currently, the film industry adds about $9.5 billion to Georgia's economy. 

Georgia won't be the only one to suffer financially. If Hollywood companies do boycott and leave the state, they are walking away from cost-saving incentives.

Currently out of state productions earn a base 20% transferable tax credit for filming in Georgia and an additional 10% uplift on that by embedding the Georgia logo into the credits of the film.

"I think that Hollywood studios are really going to have to regroup because the other option that they have are often in state with similarly draconian bills that are either being enacted or about to enacted," Nunan said. "So, they really are in a tight spot."

Some cities in the state will also offer rebates for film productions that spend a certain amount of money in the local economy and even provide a per diem for moving expenses for crew members who are relocating to the city.

Without these cost saving measures, some movies could be shelved before production and some television shows could get canceled because budgets for the projects could suddenly inflate.

"Hollywood deserves a lot of credit for standing up for its principles even if it will hit them in the pocketbook," Nunan said.

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